Cavalier King Charles Spaniel description, food, diseases.
The original King Charles Spaniels were popular dogs during the
reign of Charles II, who adored small dogs. In many17th-century
paintings, these elegant canines sit on the laps of princes and
princesses. Over the years, the breed evolved, creating a diversity
of types that did not resemble the original. An American dog breeder
named Roswell Eldridge went to England in the1920s to find several
of the classic King Charles Spaniels. Finding few options, he offered
a prize for the best female and male breeds shown at the annual
Crufts show. This sparked a new interest in King Charles Spaniels,
but they did not receive AKC recognition until 1996.
Weight Height Range
10 - 18 pounds (4.54 - 8.16
kg), 12 - 13 inches (30.48 - 33.02 cm
The coat is moderately long, silky and very well feathered on the
legs, chest, ears and tail. The feet will also have feathering and
this is a standard of the breed. The coat may be wavy but not curly
and should not be very dense or wooly in texture. The only areas
of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel's body that can be trimmed
for show purposes are the feet. All other hair must remain natural
and not even slight trimming is permitted.
The breed standard calls for an almost flat skull between the ears
and a very shallow stop. The distance between the stop and the tip
of the nose should be 1 and ?inches and the nose must be black.
The muzzle is tapered but not pointed and the lips should not be
pendulous. A scissor or level bite is encouraged, while the undershot
jaw of their near relation, the King Charles Spaniel is discouraged.
Soulful eyes should be round and dark, widely spaced and not bulging.
There should be a slight cushion under the eye, adding to their
beguiling look. Well feathered ears should be high set and fairly
long. The neck is relatively long for the size of the dog and leads
into shoulders that are not too straight. A level back with a short
body is desired. The chest should be of moderate depth and the ribs
well sprung, while avoiding a barrel shape. Both fore and hind legs
should be straight and of medium weight bone. The legs should be
parallel so that the compact and well cushioned foot is pointed
straight forward. Carried level with the back, the happy Cavy will
keep its tail in perpetual motion. Graceful in gait, the dog抯 cheery
and positive disposition should shine through at all times. A long
and silky coat is desired with much feathering.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel health and diseases problems
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is susceptible to hereditary
eye disease, dislocated kneecaps, back troubles, ear infections,
hearing problems, and syringomyelia. Hip dysplasia is also occasionally
seen. This breed should be overfed because of their propensity to
put on weight. Some lines of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are
genetically disposed to the early onset of a serious heart problem
that can sometimes cause early death. It’s important for owners
to check the medical history of specimens before selecting a Cavalier
King Charles Spaniel. This breed typically lives for 9 to 14 years.